Lunar Year Calendar begins from Solar eclips with the knowledge that there must the Hilal(crescenct) of the Moon in the afternoon on the western horizon. If the date of first Muharram, the first month, to coincide with the date of March 21 or 22 September in the 20th century AD, a full lunar eclipse would occur at a particular spot on Earth’s equator. This has indeed been effective on March 21, 1901 where Umbra time or full eclipse occurs. Then the first of Muharram record on March 20, 1935 and dated March 19, 1969, at that time there was not full Penumbra or eclipse in Central Sumatra, specifically in Bukit Tinggi, and it also became evident that the Earth in oval orbit around the Sun through zigzag lines or strolled into north and south ecliptic line after the flood of Noah until now.
That’s why a full line of Umbra eclipse on December 23 to June 21 curved to the north of the surface of the Earth, because at that time the earth moving to the south of the ecliptic of the Sun, and then the moo’s hadow was moving northward. Conversely, if the eclipse was effective on June 22 until 22 December, Umbra looks curved toward the south as the shadow of the Moon because the Earth at that time moves to the north.
Solar eclipse on 21, 20, 19 March had been used for making a nuclear Calendar for 100 years Hijri and AD, published and distributed to the public. By calculating the orbit of the Earth and the Moon’s orbit as the above.
1. Ramadan has 29 days but 30 days in the third year, or as listed in below.
2. One year Qamariah consists of 354 days but 355 days in the third year.
3. Year Date. 1 Day Date. 10 Hijriah Ramadhan Ramadhan Zulhijah 1403 Monday 29 days Sunday 1404 Friday 29 days Thursday 1405 Tuesday 30 days Tueasday 1406 Sunday 29 days Saturday 1407 Thursday 29 days Wednesday 1408 Monay 30 days Monday 1409 Saturday 29 days Friday 1410 Wednesday 29 days Tuesday 1411 Sunday 30 days Sunday
Where the record on 1 Ramadan on Monday then 10 Zulhujah on Sunday at that year . But if Ramadan is 30 days and then 1 Ramadhan and 10 Zulhijah in the same day.
4. Every quarter of a century, the number of days owned Ramadan as below to the next:
Ramadhan Numbers of Ramadhan Numbers of Ramadhan Numbers of Year: the day: Year: the day: Year: the day: 1400 ........... 30 1421 ........... 29 1442 ........... 30 1401 ........... 29 1422 ........... 29 1443 ........... 29 1402 ........... 30 1423 ........... 30 1444 ........... 29 1403 ........... 29 1424 ........... 29 1445 ........... 30 1404 ........... 29 1425 ........... 30 1446 ........... 29 1405 ........... 30 1426 ........... 29 1447 ........... 29 1406 ........... 29 1427 ........... 30 1448 ........... 30 1407 ........... 29 1428 ........... 29 1449 ........... 29 1408 ........... 30 1429 ........... 29 1450 ........... 30 1409 ........... 29 1430 ........... 30 1410 ........... 29 1431 ........... 29 1411 ........... 30 1432 ........... 29 1412 ........... 29 1433 ........... 30 1501 ........... 29 1413 ........... 29 1434 ........... 29 1502 ........... 30 1414 ........... 30 1435 ........... 29 1415 ........... 29 1436 ........... 30 1416 ........... 29 1437 ........... 29 1417 ........... 30 1438 ........... 29 1549 ........... 29 1418 ........... 29 1439 ........... 30 1550 ........... 30 1419 ........... 29 1440 ........... 29 1551 ........... 29 1420 ........... 30 1441 ........... 29 1552 ........... 30
5. Below is Lunar Year Calendar from 1351 until 1450 Hijri.
Ramadan 29 days, but on the year preceded the plus sign (+) Ramadhan is 30 days, and Syawal, Zulkaedah, Zulhijah pushed back one day at that year:
............................ 1351 56 53 +55 +52 57 54 59 +61 +58 63 60 65 62 +64 69 66 71 68 +70 +67 72 +77 74 79 +73 ... +75 ... 85 82 87 76 81 78 +80 93 90 +92 +89 +86 +83 88 +98 +95 ... 97 94 91 96 ... ... ... ... ... 99 ... ... ... 1400 ... ... ... ... 01 06 13 +05 +02 07 04 09 +11 +08 13 10 15 12 +14 19 16 21 18 +20 +17 22 +27 24 29 +23 ... +25 +30 35 32 37 26 31 28 38 43 40 +42 +39 +36 +33 46 +48 +45 +50 47 44 49 34 41 N U C L E A R Muharram 30 days C L E A R N U Syafar 29 days L E A R N U C R. Awal 30 days A R N U C L E R. Akhir 30 days N U C L E A R J. Awal 29 days U C L E A R N J. Akhir 30 days L E A R N U C Rajab 29 days E A R N U C L Sya?ban 30 days R N U C L E A Ramadhan 29/30 days N U C L E A R Syawal 29 days U C L E A R N Zulkaedah 30 days L E A R N U C Zulhijah 29 days
N U Sun. 1 8 15 22 29 Sun. 7 14 21 28 Mon. 2 9 16 23 30 Mon. 1 8 15 22 29 Tue. 3 10 17 24 31 Tue. 2 9 16 23 30 Wed. 4 11 18 25 Wed. 3 10 17 24 31 Thu. 5 12 19 26 Thu. 4 11 18 25 Fri. 6 13 20 27 Fri. 5 12 19 26 Sat 7 14 15 28 Sat. 6 13 20 27 C L Sun. 6 13 20 27 Sun. 5 12 19 26 29 Mon. 7 14 21 28 Mon. 6 13 20 27 30 Tue. 1 8 15 22 29 Tue. 7 14 21 28 31 Wed. 2 9 16 23 30 Wed. 1 8 15 22 Thu. 3 10 17 24 31 Thu. 2 9 16 23 Fri. 4 11 18 25 Fri. 3 10 17 24 Sat. 5 12 19 26 Sat. 4 11 18 25 E A Sun. 4 11 18 25 Sun. 3 10 17 24 31 Mon. 5 12 19 26 Mon. 4 11 18 25 Tue. 6 13 20 27 Tue. 5 12 19 26 Wed. 7 14 21 28 Wed. 6 13 20 27 Thu. 1 8 15 22 29 Thu. 7 14 21 28 Fri. 2 9 16 23 30 Fri. 1 8 15 22 29 Sat. 3 10 17 24 31 Sat. 2 9 16 23 30
R Sun. 2 9 16 23 30 Mon. 3 10 17 24 31 Tue. 4 11 18 25 Wed. 5 12 19 26 Thu. 6 13 20 27 Fri. 7 14 21 28 Sat. 1 8 15 22 29
Below is also loaded Calendar Solar Year from 1920 to 2020 AD, the number of years that preceded a cross (x) the February has 29 days, and a column in January and February was also marked by x.
X 1920 21 22 23 x 24 25 26 27 x 28 29 30 31 x 32 33 34 35 x 36 37 38 39 x 40 41 42 43 x 44 45 46 47 x 48 49 50 51 x 52 53 54 55 x 56 57 58 59 x 60 61 62 63 x 64 65 66 67 x 68 69 70 71 x 72 73 74 75 x 76 77 78 79 x 80 81 82 83 x 84 85 86 87 x 88 89 90 91 x 92 93 94 95 x 96 97 98 99 x 2000 01 02 03 x 04 05 06 07 x 08 09 10 11 x 12 13 14 15 x 16 17 18 19 x 2020 ... ... ...
January 31 days U C L E A R N February 28 days E A R N U C L March 31 days E A R N U C L April 30 days N U C L E A R May 31 days C L E A R N U June 30 days A R N U C L E July 31 days N U C L E A R August 31 days L E A R N U C September 30 days R N U C L E A October 31 days U C L E A R N November 30 days E A R N U C L December 31 days R N U C L E A
Hijri calendar 1351 to 1450 and calendar 1920 to 2020 AD above may be facing in one page where the column N U C L E A R gives a description of a day in each month.
Ancient men since Adam until the flood of Noah always use Qamariah calendar. That is well suited for the purpose of verse 9/36. But after the flood of Noah, there was a change of seasons because the Earth glided into the zigzag to the south and north of the ecliptic while orbiting in an oval circle around the Sun. The real climatic changes affect the social and economic population that inhabit the Temperature Zone, then the Egyptians who first made the change of seasons for the agricultural calendar schedule that time, marked by the star Sirius rising along with the Sun in the eastern horizon. According to information we find, the same thing also applies to the Mayans in Mexico, since approximately 580 years before Christ.
When Julius Caesar was in Egypt, he can learn a calendar season, and with the help of a Greek astronomer named SOSIGENES, then changed the tradition of the Romans, who was using the calendar seasons Qamariah July in exchange for the honor of Caesar. He was born in 116 BC and died in 44 BC, while the calendar season began legalized in the year 45 BC, one year before his death.
When the calendar was tested turned out to match the changing seasons of a year consisting of 365 days 6 hours, start to other nations, which initially used the Lunar Year, following the seasonal calendar. The 1973 World Almanac And Book of Facts states that the Protestants use the calendar season at the beginning of 18th century AD, France in 1793, Japan in 1873, China in 1912, Greek 1924, and Turkey in 1927.
After the sixteenth century, it turns out the season calendar which Julius Caesar adopted it no longer appropriate as the year of the season, because they sauntered into the Earth’s north and south have been increasingly reduced in accordance with the reduced motion of the pendulum freely. Ice-covered polar regions in accordance with the provisions of the expanding section 13/41 and 21/44 until once said “The earth became colder, winter comes much faster than the past.
Than VIII and Pope Georgery shorten that calendar and set a date 4 october 1582 became 15th october so, that is eleven days shorter, based on the prevailing climatic changes incompatible with the calendar of Julius Caesar, and that time of year the season has been on the wane. Precisely the time was 365 days 5 hours 48 minutes 46 seconds. This calendar is still used until the 20th century AD among various nations.
As a result of this Georgerian calendar, the British and colonial regions in America 3 September 1752 became September 14, the birth of George Washington that was originally recorded on 11 February 1731 should be changed to February 22, 1731. Meanwhile, differences of opinion arise also about the birth of Jesus who declared December 25, some states four years before the current solar year, until the year 1990 must now be written in 1994.
But Julius Caesar was correct in his day, as well as Pope Georgery VIII in his day, they made the season calendar in accordance with their day, but the turn time itself, which has been reduced. The statement of the Encyclopedia Americana 1975 vol 9 page 588 are true and that the deviation from the ecliptic equator of the Earth around the Sun were 23 degrees 27 ‘in 1975, and decreased continuously 0 degrees 75’ every hundred years.
Season calendar which is now called the solar year is not based on Earth’s orbit around the Sun, as Julius Caesar and Pope Georgery VIII himself still thinks the stars orbits around the Earth and they do not know the Earth actualy. But strangely, the people today still use the calendar season is even thought that the Earth orbits around the Sun is to be a lunar base and match with that calendar.
One thing that has been less noticed is the season’s calendar is only profitable Temp Zone resident northern hemisphere, while harming the population of southern hemisphere, especially on holidays. They started the new year without a certain basis, and start new moon when the Moon in the sky is full moon.
Below we quote also the Calendar AD until 2400 compiled by GM Clemence, United States Naval Observactory:
Calendar year 1 to 2400 AD
Double letters are used for leap years, the first letter for January and February, while the second letter for other months. For example, on 4 July 1960, the first pull number 1900 to down and the number 60 to the right, in point of communion is obtained letters CB. Bring the letter B to the center column to align with July, then on column under B is listed Monday, 4 July 1960 sought.
Julius Caesar Calendar Paus Georgery VIII Calendar
Year 100 200 300 400 500 600 : 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900
700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 : 2000 2100 2200 2300
0 DC ED FE MF AM BA CB : .. BA C E N
1 29 57 85 B C D E F M A : F M B D F
2 30 58 86 A B C D E F M : E F A C E
3 31 59 87 M A B C D E F : D E M B D
4 32 60 88 FE MF AM BA CB DM ED : CB DC FE AM CB
5 33 61 89 D E F M A B C : A B D D A
6 34 62 90 C D E F M A B : M A C E M
7 35 63 91 B C D E F M A : F M B D F
8 36 64 92 AM BA CB DC ED FE MG : ED FE AM CB ED
9 37 65 93 F M A B C D E : C D F A C
10 38 66 94 E F M A B C D : B C E M B
11 39 67 95 D E F M A B C : A B D F A
12 40 68 96 CB DC ED FE MF AM BA : MF AM DB ED MF
13 41 69 97 A B C D E F M : E F A C E
14 42 70 98 M A B C D E F : D E M B D
15 43 71 99 F M A B C D E : C D F A C
16 44 72 .. ED FE MF AM CB CB DC .. .. ED ED MF BA
17 45 73 .. C D E F M A B : .. A C E D
18 46 74 .. B C D E F M A : .. M B D F
19 47 75 ..A A B C D E F M .. .. F A C A
20 48 76 .. MF AM BA CB DC ED FE : .. ED MF BA DC
21 49 77 .. E F M A B C D : .. C E M B
22 50 78 .. D E F M A B C : .. B D F A
23 51 79 .. C D E F M A B : .. A C E M
24 52 80 .. BA CB DC ED FE MF AM : .. MF BA DC FE
25 53 81 .. M A B C D E F : .. E M B D
26 54 82 .. F M A B C D E : C D F A C
27 55 83 .. E F M A B C D : B C E M B
28 56 84 .. DC ED FE MF AM BA CB : AM BA DC FE AM
January, October ………………………………………………………………………A B C D E F M
Pebruary, March, November ………………………………………………D E F M A B D
April, July ……………………………………………………………………………………M A B C D E F
May …………………………………………………………………………………………………………B C D E F M A
June ………………………………………………………………………………………………………E F M A B C D
August …………………………………………………………………………………………………C D E F M A B
September, December ………………………………………………………………F M A B C D E
1 8 15 22 29 Sun. Sat. Fri. Thur Wed. Tue. Mon.
2 9 16 23 30 Mon. Sun. Sat. Fri. Thur.Wed. Tue.
3 10 17 24 31 Tue. Mon. Sun. Sat. Fri. Thur.Wed.
4 11 18 25 .. Wed. Tue. Mon. Sun. Sat. Fri. Thur.
5 12 19 26 .. Thur.Wed. Tue. Mon. Sun. Sat. Fri.
6 13 20 27 .. Fri. Thur.Wed. Tue. Mon. Sun. Sat.
7 14 21 28 .. Sat. Fri. Thur.Wed. Tue. Mon. sun.
Julius Caesar’s calendar revised by Georgery VIII after 16 centuries, and this repairing had lasted four centuries, is now quite naturally arises therefore of opinion that declared the spring does not fit anymore with the AD calendar. This calendar is mentioned by ALLAH in Scripture:
إِنَّمَا النَّسِيءُ زِيَادَةٌ فِي الْكُفْرِ يُضَلُّ بِهِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُ
واْ يُحِلِّونَهُ عَاماً وَيُحَرِّمُونَهُ عَاماً لِّيُوَاطِؤُواْ عِدَّةَ مَا حَرَّمَ اللّهُ
فَيُحِلُّواْ مَا حَرَّمَ اللّهُ زُيِّنَ لَهُمْ سُوءُ أَعْمَالِهِمْ وَاللّهُ لاَ يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْكَافِرِينَ
9/37. That a reduction (with season calendar) was added in disbelief. With this misled
the infidels. They permit it in one season and forbid it in one season for use numbers which
ALLAH forbid, then that which GOD forbid. Decorated for their deeds and their evil GOD
guides not the infidels.
Remember that after the date of October 4, 1582 should be written on October 15, 1582 and thereafter.
ALLAH forbid anyone to use calendar based on the change of seasons, because it is not permanent even always petered time, benefit the population of the northern hemisphere for a while but detrimental to the population in the south forever, especially in the polar regions where a year consists of one day and one night. It eliminates value of four forbidden months at the beginning of the 15th century Hijra are almost ignored by the Muslim people themselves because they still do prey on the Earth’s land in those months. And most impressed with is that the season’s calendar has been multiplying day off in between Islamic societies, plus the obligatory fasting during Ramadan.
It is said that the season’s calendar as the reduction of subtracting the number of days a year from 355 to 365 on 15th century Hijri, and otherwise increase in disbelief because this calendar causes important dates in Islam is so uncertain, there is no certainty. Calendar is also cause a weekly holiday shown with Friday, and Sunday is the day for another holiday time where Islamic law is difficult. Finally, users of the calendar season that clearly justifies the forbidden by ALLAH, adding in disbelief.
ALLAH states that the calendar is based on the Earth’s orbit and the orbit of the Moon as in Section 9/36, and more clearly in Scripture, which means:
يَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ الأهِلَّةِ قُلْ هِيَ مَوَاقِيتُ لِلنَّاسِ
وَالْحَجِّ وَلَيْسَ الْبِرُّ بِأَنْ تَأْتُوْاْ الْبُيُوتَ مِن ظُهُورِهَا وَلَـكِنَّ
الْبِرَّ مَنِ اتَّقَىوَأْتُواْ الْبُيُوتَ مِنْ أَبْوَابِهَا وَاتَّقُواْ اللّهَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ
2/189. They ask you about hilal, and say,”That is the determination
of time for humans and the Hajj, and there is no good that you went to
the houses (calendar) from behind, but it is good who realize. Go to
the home through the doors. Aware to ALLAH hope you win.
مَّعْلُومَاتٌ فَمَن فَرَضَ فِيهِنَّ الْحَجَّ فَلاَ رَفَثَ
وَلاَ فُسُوقَ وَلاَ جِدَالَ فِي الْحَجِّ وَمَا تَفْعَلُواْ مِنْ خَيْريَعْلَمْهٍُ
اللّهُ وَتَزَوَّدُواْ فَإِنَّ خَيْرَ الزَّادِ التَّقْوَى وَاتَّقُونِ يَا أُوْلِي الأَلْبَابِ
2/197. Hajj is in certain months. Anyone who has been obliged to Hajj,
then no longer sexual intercourse, and no transgression is also no contention
in the Hajj. Whatever you do out of kindness, ALLAH knows. And Pour, the good
additional which is aware, and aware of ME hai researcher.
Hilal is the new moon or crescent moon that time determined ALLAH 12 times in one year, stated in Ayaah 10/5 and 9/36. That is what should be the basis of the calendar. During the 12 months that have four months where prohibited time shall apply to Hajj who undertakes. These obligations are discussed at a later time, God willing. But the purpose of Ayaah 2/189 was able to note that someone should not go to the houses from behind but let come home from the doors, and no one sound that enters the house from the back which does not have the door. But it is ALLAH mentioned in Scripture, though it seems reasonable and ordinary course, was to go or enter the month of every year should from Hilal Months stated at the ayaah 2/189 itself.
Let start a new month at the time Hilal Month began in the western horizon in the evening in effect at Qamariah calendar, but people using the season calendar disregard Hilal Month even they often start the new moon at the time the Moon was full. This is stated by ALLAH as come home from behind without the door, and in Ayaah 9/37 expressed as an increase in disbelief.
If the season calendar is not based on the Earth’s orbit around the Sun, nor on the Moon’s orbit around the Earth, prepared only for the benefit of the agricultural population of the northern hemisphere in the interim, and are always harmful for southerners, then the lunar orbit Qamariah based on the two celestial bodies were in a logical and fair even beneficial to everyone.
Using the calendar Qamariah, will apply:
1. The fasting month of Ramadan lasts for 18 years in the spring and summer in each temperature zone, and 18 years later in the autumn and winter in turn. If the month of Ramadan was replaced by July or January then last justice will not be accepted. Similarly Hajj to Mecca.
2. Calendar can easily be known every day, based on the state of the Moon in the sky and permanent effect on a certain date each month, where it can not be known at the calendar season.
3. 31 months in the Lunar Year equal to 30 months of Solar Year, for which a monthly benefit of workers and people who are paid according to the calendar.
4. Calendar Qamariah nature remains unchanged on Earth, as well as in other planets according to Ayaah 9/36. Later will be known whether the same speed with the speed of Month orbit our moon or not, but it was obvious that a change of seasons in each planet is not used as a basis fair calendar.
In the Qur’an, the calendar year associated with the Moon’s orbit around the Earth and the Earth’s orbit around the Sun called the SANAH now called the Qamariah year, while related to the season is called the ‘AAM is now called the Syamsiah year or Solar Year.
Qamariah Year or the Lunar Year on which the basis of Hijri calendar is the year that the time has never diminished. This can be understood if people willingly pay attention to the history and circumstances:
1. Earth’s orbit around the Sun is not circular because the circle of this round will describe the distance between the Earth from the Sun is always the same throughout the year, when measured with the parallax system states as far as 90 million miles of Earth from the Sun, or 94 million miles. If a circular orbit of the Earth around the Sun will lack power, and sunspot activity on the surface of the Sun has remained stable, at the same time, always changes in the activity caused by the pull of the sun to planets that are sometimes close and sometimes distant.
2. Earth’s orbit around the Sun is not circular or ellipse because this circle will form a two-point perihelion and two-point aphelion orbit. If this is true then the solarsystem will mess with consequences hard to predict. And with logical thinking, such orbits can not be happening in the pull beetwin The sun and the Earth, because every time the Earth is at perihelion point of its orbit, it must be pull to bend to the left a few degrees near the Sun.
3. Oval circular orbit is the only one who made by the Earth, has a perihelion is the point at which the Earth closest to the Sun while flying fast, and one point is aphelion farthest point from the Sun which Earth flying slow. With this Oval orbit are formed sustainable power according to the provisions of ALLAH, and so does the relative distances between 90 million miles, and the activity of sunspots which changed throughout the years to realize the weather changes on Earth.
Thus the planet’s orbit stated by ALLAH with the terms SIDRAH on Ayaah 53/14 and 53/16. Sidrah meaning of LOTUS, floating above the water surface while its roots embedded in the ground. At the time of high tide, the lotus rises up and when the down tide the lotus come down. Similarly, the Earth moves around the Sun in Oval orbits that were then used on the wheels with the pistons system in the engine.
Egg-shaped oval circle where there is a large arc with a point aphelion, and a small arc with the point of perihelion. When Earth is at perihelion point, the attraction is very strong with the Sun and the ocean waves at that time is looked bigger than usual, and begin Muharram as the first month of the Lunar Year. Because the Earth’s position very serious, flying fast and the closest of the Sun, and then declared Muharram as the forbidden month is Syahrul haraam which is often defined as “Month honor.”
Then the Earth began flying slower and slowest at aphelion point of the seventh month, the month of Rajab was also named the forbidden month because of the Earth farthest from the Sun in a serious condition. On 27 months it used to be Muhammad went to mi’raj by ALLAH from planet Muntaha to Earth.
After that the Earth began flying fast because it is pulled by the Sun until the eleventh month and more rapidly in the twelfth month, that month Zulhijah and Zulkaedah, the closer to the Sun, then the two months were also called in forbidden month because in fact the Earth in a serious condition. On 29 Zulhijah, the Earth has completed one orbit 345 degrees, ie one year of the Lunar Year.
That is why Muharram, Rajab, Zulkaedah, and Zulhijah named four forbidden months, in the months that the Earth is experiencing a strong pull from the Sun and is also experiencing a weak attraction to men given a warning about the Earth like planets that are inhabited mainly those who know hisaab or calculation fate themselves. But the situation contains astronomical science to be learned every self. At the same time of Rabi al-Awwal where Muhammad was born and died, so did the month of Ramadan as a decline in the Alquran, they are not otherwise prohibited month, for it is manifest Islam does not contain the cult of personality. AlQur’an does not provide data on the birthday of Abraham and Muhammad, although first expressed PRIEST for humans and founder of the Ka’aba, and the latter declared to delivery Alquran and the last Prophet.
One time the Earth’s orbit around the Sun rather than 360 degrees but 345 degrees of its path during 354 days 8 hours 48 minutes and 36 seconds. In one month of Qamariah, the Earth moves a distance 28 ˚ 45 ‘or in a single day as far as 0 degrees 58’ 28,4”.
It should be noted that the Moon orbits around the Earth as far as 331 ˚ 15 ‘, during the 29 days 12 hours 44.04 minutes. It moved in one day as far as 11 ˚ 12 ‘. So around 360 ˚ – 331 ˚ 15 ‘= 28 ˚ 45’ when multiplied by 12 months of Qamariah then one year of Islamic calendar is 354 days 8 hours 48 minutes and 36 seconds or 345 degrees of the Earth around the Sun.
For 360 degrees around the Sun, the Earth takes 370 days long. In the meantime one year season in the 20th century AD the Earth traveled as far as 355 ˚ 12 ‘for 365 days 6 hours. This can be evidenced by the delay in the stars in the sky at the same time every year as far as 4 ˚ 48 ‘.
So according to season, year or Solar Year, then the Earth moves around the Sun as far as 355 ˚ 12 ‘is 4 ˚ 48’ before reaching the point full circle, then the 360 ˚ – 355 ˚ 12 ‘= 4 ˚ 48’ multiplied by 75 years the season is 360 ˚ then the Earth is in first position at the beginning of year. When was the stars in the sky may be returned at a certain position at the same time with 75 years ago, because the Earth itself is not located at the perihelion point of point of its orbit begins.
However, when calculated by year of Hijrah, or the Lunar Year, The Earth began its orbit from perihelion on 1 Muharram, and moves 345 degrees around the Sun is 15 ˚ before reaching the point of a full 360 circle. After 24 years later, Earth was re-started at the position, which is 360 ˚ – 345 ˚ equal to 15 ˚ x 24 years = 360 ˚. It was every star in the sky to be back at a certain position along with its position at any given time 24 years ago, and Earth is also being returned to the perihelion point of its orbit begins.
Are there verses that encourage people to use the calendar Qamariah?
Alquran provides the things that is logically consistent with fair consideration and thought, this is called on various verses in between the other at 3/60. Alquran contains basic information for all the problems, stated in ayaah 16/89, only humans are also not really able to take and put all the explanations. Regarding Calendar spontaneously Alquran give advice as intended below:
إِنَّ عِدَّةَ ٱلشُّہُورِ عِندَ ٱللَّهِ
ٱثۡنَا عَشَرَ شَہۡرً۬ا فِى ڪِتَـٰبِ ٱللَّهِ يَوۡمَ
خَلَقَ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضَ مِنۡہَآ أَرۡبَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ۬*ۚ ذَٲلِكَ
ٱلدِّينُ ٱلۡقَيِّمُ*ۚ فَلَا تَظۡلِمُواْ فِيہِنَّ أَنفُسَڪُمۡ*ۚ وَقَـٰتِلُواْ ٱلۡمُشۡرِ
ڪِينَ كَآفَّةً۬ ڪَمَا يُقَـٰتِلُونَكُمۡ ڪَآفَّةً۬*ۚ وَٱعۡلَمُوٓاْ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ مَعَ ٱلۡمُتَّقِينَ
9/36. That the number of the months with God is twelve months
in Allah’s decree on the day (solarsystem) that HE created the planets
and the Earth. Than in those months there was FOUR months of Honor.
That religion is strong, so do not interfere with you in those months,
and fight the polytheists all as they fight you all, and know that
Allah is with those who are aware.
إِنَّمَا ٱلنَّسِىٓءُ زِيَادَةٌ۬
فِى ٱلۡڪُفۡرِ*ۖ يُضَلُّ بِهِ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ يُحِلُّونَهُ ۥ
عَامً۬ا وَيُحَرِّمُونَهُ ۥ عَامً۬ا لِّيُوَاطِـُٔواْ عِدَّةَ مَا حَرَّمَ ٱللَّهُ فَيُحِلُّواْ
مَا حَرَّمَ ٱللَّهُ*ۚ زُيِّنَ لَهُمۡ سُوٓءُ أَعۡمَـٰلِهِمۡ*ۗ وَٱللَّهُ لَا يَهۡدِى ٱلۡقَوۡمَ ٱلۡڪَـٰفِرِينَ
9/37. That the reduction (of the Calendar Qamariah) was added to the insult,
misled with unbelievers that justifies a season and forbid in other seasons so that
they get the numbers which ALLAH forbid, then the Allowing them what Allah forbade.
Awarded for their crimes their deeds, and Allah guides not the disbelieving folk.
هُوَ الَّذِي جَعَلَ الشَّمْسَ
ضِيَاء وَالْقَمَرَ نُوراً وَقَدَّرَهُ مَنَازِلَ لِتَعْلَمُواْ
عَدَدَ السِّنِينَ وَالْحِسَابمَا خَلَقَ اللّهُ ذَلِكَ إِلاَّ بِالْحَقِّ يُفَصِّلُ الآيَاتِ لِقَوْمٍ يَعْلَمُونَ
10/5. HE makes the sun in light and the Moon shines, and HE set Moon was the place
down (orbit) so that you know the number of years and calculation. It is not ALLAH create
such thing except with logical. HE explained that sign for people who have knowledge.
إِنَّ فِي اخْتِلاَفِ اللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ
وَمَا خَلَقَ اللّهُ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ لآيَاتٍ لِّقَوْمٍ يَتَّقُونَ
10/6. That at the turn of night and day, and what God created
on the planets and in the Earth become a sign for people who realize.
These verses above clearly explains that the existing calendar and that should be used across all areas of life in this solar system is Qamariah Calendar on Earth. Change of seasons become shorter time, and if people also use the calendar season in Jupiter for example, then one year there is eleven years on Earth. Moreover, if on Saturn that one season is 29 years on Earth. Qamariah calendar on Earth may be more a benefit, especially when inter-planetary flights have taken place. The only planet that has ONE MONTH is only on Earth, that’s way the calendar Qamariah on Earth therefore used for our own Solarsystem. Soon the relationship between the planet’s realization as the reality of the intention Ayaah 10/6 and in accordance with Ayaah 65/12, so let people familiarize themselves with the intention of Ayaah 9/36 above.
If people see the Sun moves north or south during sunrise and sunset, then it is just because the zigzag movement of the Earth as it moves around the Sun. That look is as follows:
On March 21, The Sun directly above the equator moving northward, and dated June 21 Sun reaches the point 23 1/2 degrees from the equator, a point on the circumference is called the Tropic of Cancer. At that moment occurred in the northern hemisphere’s longest day, otherwise the longest night in the southern hemisphere. From June 21, The Sun started moving back toward the equator and directly above the equator on 21 September.
On September 22, The Sun continues to move from the equator to the south and got to the line called the Tropic of Capricornis at a point 23 1/2 degrees from the equator the circumference of the Earth. When it was recorded on December 22 which occurred during the time the longest in the southern hemisphere and the longest night of the northern hemisphere. Furthermore The Sun moving back toward the equator of the Earth and arrive at the date of March 20 for subsequent seasons later.
With The Sun movement that is looked from Earth so, then there were three local environment, both in the northern hemisphere and in the southern hemisphere the length of time varies by noon, so long night. It also caused the four seasons in the Temperature Zone is called the spring, summer, autumn and winter. The Sun’ position movement also causes the dawn of time, maghrib, and so was never the same in an area. Sometimes faster than usual and sometimes slower.
For example in June, residents of Northern Europe experienced the dawn of time at 03:00 according to the local time, and time of maghrib at 21:00. But in December, the dawn of time there occurs at 09:00 and 15:00 when maghrib on. Meanwhile, on that both month, the Australian population experiencing the dawn of time and manghrib vice versa.
From the records of historical since the seventh century AD is known that the Islamic community continues to determine the time of Prayer and Fasting on sunrise and sundown seen from their residence.
Similarly, the annual calendar which, according to Ayaah 9/36 should be based on the orbit of the Moon, but because of the influence of the Children of Israel, without awareness, a lot of Muslims who use the calendar seasons stated by ALLAH in Ayaah 9/37 as something that adds to the infidelity. They started a new months on the Moon in the sky seemed full moon that should be declared in mid-month calendar.
They started a new months without foundation and reason, except as a deviation from the traditional mention of fairness. Similarly, in starting of the new year according to the season calendar or Solar Year, commonly known as AD, they have no basis and evidence. If this Calendar is match with the Season Calendar, then the beginning of the year or of new year not on January 1, but December 23 is the date of beginning of the Sun seems to move from the Tropic of Capricorn[/COLOR] in the southern hemisphere toward the Tropic of Cancer in the northern hemisphere.
For example the calendar is based on the orbit of Earth around the Sun, then the new year is also not right at all times, because Earth’s orbit around the Sun 360 º not 365 1/4 days at 15th century Hijri, but 370 days with proof that the position of stars in space annually on January 1st of every year is always late 40 º 48 ‘. So at each new year the Earth is not in the beginning on its orbit, not in beginning in orbit Prihelion point, nor started when the Earth is at the beginning of the degree of motion around the Sun.
The conclusion that can be taken from all the talk is that right calendar is Lunar Year calendar or Qamariah accordance with the instructions and accepting ALLAH. Sunrise and sunset time difference of The Sun seen in a region is not caused by changes in Earth’s rotational speed but due to zigzag lines generated by the Earth in its orbit around the Sun that causes the change of seasons.